Wood Finishing A Stain Is A Liquid Substance That When Applied To Wood Penetrates The Surface Imparting A Rich Colour The Two Most Common Types Of Stains Are Pigments Which Cover The Wood And Dyes Which P*N*Tr*T* The Wood Today Many Manufacturers Combine Both Pigments And Dyes Into A Single Blended Stain
Wood finishing a stain is a liquid substance that when applied to wood penetrates the surface imparting a rich colour the two most common types of stains are pigments which cover the wood and dyes which p*n*tr*t* the wood today many manufacturers combine both pigments and dyes into a single blended stain is bookmark about Magazine bookmarked by nathan with ID 12178171414 was uploaded on 02-03-2019 and has been viewed 351,348 times.
Stains PigmentsPigments are fine insoluble particles of inert chemical compounds, which can be natural (like iron oxides) or synthetic.A carrier (mineral spirits, lacquer thinner, or water) serves to spread the pigment over the wood, and a binder (such as varnish or lacquer) acts as an adhesive to glue the pigment to the surface of the wood.
Because pigment particles are heavier than the binder, they settle to the bottom of a can - which is why you have to stir these stains before using them.That big glob at the bottom of the can is a sure indicator that the can contains a pigment stain.
Pigment particles lodge in the pores and scratches on a wood surface, exaggerating grain differences.A pigment stain on oak tends to colour the early wood pores more darkly than the denser latewood.However, on maple, the stain would be much less pronounced because the pores are so small.
DyesWhile pigments cover the surface of wood, much like paint, dyes are absorbed into the fibrous structure of wood.Dyes can also be natural or synthetic.Like pigments they require a carrier, but they don't use a binder.
This is because dye particles, which are about 1/1000th the size of pigment particles, are...