Handplane basics is article about Shop Blog bookmarked by calvin with ID 13684397063 was uploaded on 20-02-2019 and has been viewed 259,273 times.
Woodworkers tend to have very strong feelings about the different ways of doing things - and handplanes is one of those subjects where opinions can vary wildly and discussions can even get pretty heated.
There are three main arguments about handplanes: bevel orientation, number of planes to use and body type.Bevel orientation refers to the way the iron sits in the plane.Shown above are a low angle bevel-up bench plane (front) and a bevel-down bench plane (back).
In the bevel-up plane, the iron sits with the bevel facing up (A).In the bevel-down plane, the iron sits in the plane with the bevel facing down (B).Except for early planes, most bevel-down planes have a chipbreaker mounted on the back of the iron, also known as a double iron.
Sometimes people confuse the chipbreaker for the cutting bevel.The function of the chipbreaker is to curl the chip upward as the cutting edge lifts it off the wood.For bench planes, while bevel-down planes are more common, there are plenty of people who swear by their bevel-up planes, in various sizes.
Block planes are bevel-up.Number of planes refers to having a dedicated plane for each of the three functions of roughing,...